Quantitative social research methods

Quantitative social research methods

To do good research we need to use both the qualitative and the quantitative. The discussion should meld together your findings in relation to those identified in the literature review, and placed within the context of the theoretical framework underpinning the study. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, 56 2 , This principle follows from the fact that it is always possible a spurious relationship exists for variables between which covariance is found in some degree. Quantitative research may involve the use of proxies as stand-ins for other quantities that cannot be directly measured. Quantitative and Qualitative See also: Surveys and Survey Design Research methods are split broadly into quantitative and qualitative methods. Legewie, J. There are qualitative researchers who fit comfortably into the post-positivist tradition common to much contemporary quantitative research. It will also expose students to important debates and divides in quantitative sociology, such as the one between approaches aiming at the establishment of causality on the one hand, and approaches interested in the analysis of probabilities on the other. Basic Inquiry of Quantitative Research. The findings should be present in a logical, sequential order. Quantitative research designs are either descriptive [subjects usually measured once] or experimental [subjects measured before and after a treatment]. They may also say what they think the researcher wishes to hear. This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit. Our pages Introduction to Research Methods and Designing Research set out some of the issues about the underlying philosophy.

Our pages Introduction to Research Methods and Designing Research set out some of the issues about the underlying philosophy. It will also expose students to important debates and divides in quantitative sociology, such as the one between approaches aiming at the establishment of causality on the one hand, and approaches interested in the analysis of probabilities on the other.

Among the specific strengths of using quantitative methods to study social science research problems: Allows for a broader study, involving a greater number of subjects, and enhancing the generalization of the results; Allows for greater objectivity and accuracy of results.

Research methods pdf

This field is central to much quantitative research that is undertaken within the social sciences. Be sure to provide enough detail to enable the reader can make an informed assessment of the methods being used to obtain results associated with the research problem. All numerical information involves numerous judgments about what the number means. An experiment in which group x was given two tablets of aspirin a day and group y was given two tablets of a placebo a day where each participant is randomly assigned to one or other of the groups. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, 56 2 , Quantitative methods have limitations. In the field of climate science, researchers compile and compare statistics such as temperature or atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide. Does the respondent care or were they just circling anything arbitrarily? There is no point in trying to establish "validity" in any external or objective sense. An electronic copy of the first assessed essay, to be uploaded to Moodle, no later than 4. This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit. Survey that concludes that the average patient has to wait two hours in the waiting room of a certain doctor before being selected. Qualitative Research Qualitative research is any which does not involve numbers or numerical data. Data are in the form of numbers and statistics, often arranged in tables, charts, figures, or other non-textual forms.

Its main characteristics are: The data is usually gathered using structured research instruments. This level of control might not normally be in place in the real world thus yielding "laboratory results" as opposed to "real world results"; and, Preset answers will not necessarily reflect how people really feel about a subject and, in some cases, might just be the closest match to the preconceived hypothesis.

Our pages on Interviews for ResearchFocus Groups and Observational Research provide more information about these techniques. Discussion Discussions should be analytic, logical, and comprehensive.

research methods in the social sciences 7th edition pdf

We could go on and on, but my point should be clear. The best way to work out which ones are right for your research is to discuss it with academic colleagues and your supervisor. Armonk, NY: M.

Research methodology example

Statistical analysis -- how did you analyze the data? Examples include changes in achievement at various stages of education, or the increase in number of senior managers holding management degrees. Bates College; Nenty, H. How do we interpret the value "2" here? Some phenomena obviously lend themselves to quantitative analysis because they are already available as numbers. This level of control might not normally be in place in the real world thus yielding "laboratory results" as opposed to "real world results"; and, Preset answers will not necessarily reflect how people really feel about a subject and, in some cases, might just be the closest match to the preconceived hypothesis. Quantitative research may involve the use of proxies as stand-ins for other quantities that cannot be directly measured.

Some would claim that my perspective on data is based on assumptions common to the quantitative tradition.

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Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods