Historical lens criticism
Lentricchia, Frank. Feminist gender theory is postmodern in that it challenges the paradigms and intellectual premises of western thought, but also takes an activist stance by proposing frequent interventions and alternative epistemological positions meant to change the social order. Like feminist and ethnic theory, "Postcolonial Criticism" pursues not merely the inclusion of the marginalized literature of colonial peoples into the dominant canon and discourse. Nineteenth century German scholars such as W. Like Plato, Saussure regarded the signifier words, marks, symbols as arbitrary and unrelated to the concept, the signified, to which it referred. Boston: Bedford Books, Marxism and Critical Theory Marxist literary theories tend to focus on the representation of class conflict as well as the reinforcement of class distinctions through the medium of literature. According to "New Historicism," we can only know the textual history of the past because it is "embedded," a key term, in the textuality of the present and its concerns.
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. New York: Hill and Wang, Scott Moncrieff and Terence Kilmartin.
The philosopher Roland Barthes proved to be a key figure on the divide between "Structuralism" and "Poststructuralism.
Historically, this text has been used to condemn same-sex intimacy as sinful.
Form criticism. Lentricchia likewise became influential through his account of trends in theory, After the New Criticism. Formalism and New Criticism "Formalism" is, as the name implies, an interpretive approach that emphasizes literary form and the study of literary devices within the text.
Marxist approaches to literature require an understanding of the primary economic and social bases of culture since Marxist aesthetic theory sees the work of art as a product, directly or indirectly, of the base structure of society.
The Influence of Historical Criticism The rise of historical criticism in biblical scholarship was one of the touchpoints in the Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy in the United States in the early 20th century.
Historical criticism essay
Lynn, Steven. Barthes applies these currents of thought in his famous declaration of the "death" of the Author: "writing is the destruction of every voice, of every point of origin" while also applying a similar "Poststructuralist" view to the Reader: "the reader is without history, biography, psychology; he is simply that someone who holds together in a single field all the traces by which the written text is constituted. New York: Monthly Review Press, Literary and Cultural Theory 1. Irigaray, Luce. Gender theory achieved a wide readership and acquired much its initial theoretical rigor through the work of a group of French feminist theorists that included Simone de Beauvoir, Luce Irigaray, Helene Cixous, and Julia Kristeva, who while Bulgarian rather than French, made her mark writing in French. Attention to the etymology of the term "theory," from the Greek "theoria," alerts us to the partial nature of theoretical approaches to literature. Three of the most widely used methods are: Source criticism. In the context of postmodernism, gender theorists, led by the work of Judith Butler, initially viewed the category of "gender" as a human construct enacted by a vast repetition of social performance. Cultural Studies Much of the intellectual legacy of "New Historicism" and "Cultural Materialism" can now be felt in the "Cultural Studies" movement in departments of literature, a movement not identifiable in terms of a single theoretical school, but one that embraces a wide array of perspectives—media studies, social criticism, anthropology, and literary theory—as they apply to the general study of culture. The philosopher Roland Barthes proved to be a key figure on the divide between "Structuralism" and "Poststructuralism. General Works on Theory Culler, Jonathan.
The work of the Formalists had a general impact on later developments in "Structuralism" and other theories of narrative.
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