As the play progresses, Willy spends more and more time in the past as a means of reestablishing order in his life. The three major themes within the play are denial, contradiction, and order versus disorder.
Sympathy is evoked and reasons for his behavior are given. All three themes work together to create a dreamlike atmosphere in which the audience watches a man's identity and mental stability slip away. This brings us to the following question: For whom is then the American dream designed?
It is only at the end of the play that Biff admits he has been a "phony" too, just like Willy. For example, Willy's favorite memory is of Biff's last football game because Biff vows to make a touchdown just for him. Willy vehemently denies Biff's claim that they are both common, ordinary people, but ironically, it is the universality of the play which makes it so enduring.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, I am watching a horrible train wreck that is just about to occur right before my baby blue eyes.
Following the line of this argumentation, it would seem, then, that Willy, a white male, is a perfect candidate for achieving the American dream.