Clearly, this varies according to the location and size of the accommodation, as well as the type of establishments — hotels having greater energy consumption than pensions or camping sites. Moreover, staying at home would also involve consuming energy, through working in the factory or the office, the heating, air conditioning, driving cars etc.
It also has a positive impact on local industries as well as creating direct and indirect jobs. Exact figures are difficult to provide, tourism has a broad nature and various components which all contribute to a different extent to climate change CO2, heating, air-conditioning, construction, etc.
This involves heating, air-conditioning and the maintenance of bars, restaurants, pools and so on.
Adaptation options exist, but many are likely to add costs and offer only short-term relief. Change of operating patterns - given that winter sports, beach or health-wellness tourism, no name but a few, require very specific climate conditions.
Melting of snow and glaciers — one of the causes behind rising sea levels, and also affecting mountains and ski resorts, resulting in the shift of destination demands, depending on the most attractive climate conditions.
Adaptation of tourist destinations - a difficult and long-term measure, which involves the modification of economic circuits, new technologies, intensive training efforts and especially changing the minds of all the people involved, including the tourists.
The diversification of products and services decreases the dependency on climate shifts. Academic research provides much detail on likely impacts, and on possible changes in tourism demand.