An essay on plutonium bomb

At the time, we had two options to take to end the War in the Pacific.

atomic bomb essay introduction

Seventy thousands Japanese citizens were perished instantly after the first atomic bomb was dropped in Hiroshima on August 6, For more on this topic, see Nuclear Fission. The goal in deterrence is to always maintain a second strike capability the ability of a country to respond to a nuclear attack with one of its own and potentially to strive for first strike status the ability to destroy an enemy's nuclear forces before they could retaliate.

President Truman had a number of options apart from the atomic bomb. The number of protons determines which chemical element the atom is e. Option one was to invade mainland Japan. Under certain conditions, the escaping neutrons strike and thus fission more of the surrounding uranium nuclei, which then emit more neutrons that split still more nuclei.

decision to drop the atomic bomb essay

In the boosted bomb, the neutrons produced by the fusion reactions serve primarily to increase the efficiency of the fission bomb. There were major influences and side effects from the dropping of the atomic bomb and what it did to the country of Japan.

Manhattan Project had been in the process of developing the atomic bomb with Germany as its target. Further, if the initial act is from a stateless terrorist instead of a sovereign nation, there might not be a nation or specific target to retaliate against.

The use of the atomic bomb not only changed warfare for the rest of time, but also changed the lives of both Japanese and American citizens for decades to come.

Atomic bomb essay outline

National Archives Nagasaki To the surprise of some Allied military commanders, the destruction of Hiroshima did not bring about a Japanese surrender. For these and other reasons, the city was selected as the first target of an atomic bomb attack. The goals of any strategy are generally to make it difficult for an enemy to launch a pre-emptive strike against the weapon system and difficult to defend against the delivery of the weapon during a potential conflict. Throughout this research paper, I will trace the history of the atomic bomb. Others believe they were the sole purpose that the war finally ended. This combination created a critical mass that set off a fission chain reaction to eventually detonate the bomb. According to an advisory opinion issued by the International Court of Justice in , the use of or threat of use of such weapons would generally be contrary to the rules of international law applicable in armed conflict, but the court did not reach an opinion as to whether or not the threat or use would be lawful in specific extreme circumstances such as if the survival of the state were at stake. Such fusion weapons are generally referred to as thermonuclear weapons or more colloquially as hydrogen bombs abbreviated as H-bombs , as they rely on fusion reactions between isotopes of hydrogen deuterium and tritium. The properties and effects of atomic bombs When a neutron strikes the nucleus of an atom of the isotopes uranium or plutonium , it causes that nucleus to split into two fragments, each of which is a nucleus with about half the protons and neutrons of the original nucleus. The first, Little Boy , was a gun-type weapon with a uranium core. In the Teller-Ulam design , which accounts for all multi-megaton yield hydrogen bombs, this is accomplished by placing a fission bomb and fusion fuel tritium , deuterium , or lithium deuteride in proximity within a special, radiation-reflecting container. There are two types of boosted fission bomb: internally boosted, in which a deuterium-tritium mixture is injected into the bomb core, and externally boosted, in which concentric shells of lithium-deuteride and depleted uranium are layered on the outside of the fission bomb core. In most countries, the use of nuclear force can only be authorized by the head of government or head of state. An important aid in achieving criticality is the use of a tamper; this is a jacket of beryllium oxide or some other substance surrounding the fissionable material and reflecting some of the escaping neutrons back into the fissionable material, where they can thus cause more fissions.
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Atomic Bomb Essay