The project used much of these findings to inform studies on the impacts of climate change on society including costs and benefits of off-shore resource extraction Petrick et al.
Fishermen in different countries also have different catch strategies, either waiting for fish stocks to move to convenient fishing places, or following the fish using large ships Stammler-Gossman The policy-making process in the Arctic needs to actively incorporate traditional knowledge.
Geophysical, ecosystem and socio-economic dynamics in and outside the Arctic are tightly interlinked in complex ways.
What are the possible causes of the loss of water from Lake Alemaya? Scenario results, developed during the ACCESS project, suggest that in the ice will have receded enough to make gas production technologically feasible in the European off-shore Arctic under most emission scenarios Petrick et al.
The sea-ice thickness and summer sea-ice extent in the Arctic will continue to decrease; air and water mean temperatures tend to increase on a timescale of decades.
Other data needs concern quantification and understanding of the provision of ecosystem services and data with high enough resolution and number of observations to help anticipate and analyze potential abrupt changes and tipping points in all domains.
These tools can help decision makers in general like larger companies, regional governments, the Arctic Council and policy makers in particular to better deal with the changes, because they also help to better understand principal characteristics of the system.